Document Type : Narrative Review
Australasian Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Initiative, Melbourne, Australia
Australasian Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Initiative (ANNI), 8054 Monash University LPO, Clayton, Victoria 3168, Australia
World population are struggling with numerous problems related to environmental issues such as pollution, availability of food, as well as the demand and supply of energy. The pollution caused due to the inappropriate management of natural resources is raising grave concerns towards environment safety and sustainability. Certain scientific fields including chemistry and nanotechnology play a fundamental role in the sustainability of environment by promoting green technologies. Recent advances in new and less toxic or nonhazardous materials for industries have been assisting in generating and promoting sources for renewable energy, which is crucial for environmental protection. Considering the demand of energy for all industries and the developmental processes, it is very much necessary to promote the production and consumption of sustainable / green energy. For achieving a green economy, it is necessary to find new ways of producing green energy by using nanosystems and nanoparticles. This review article will focus on the evaluation of the green nanochemistry for sustainable development and will highlight recent advances in the green technology by using nanotechnology-based systems and materials.
- Nanostructured materials have proven to be effective in enhancing the performance of different devices and processes including lithium-ion batteries, solar cells, supercapacitors, and hydrogen storage.
- Majority of the mentioned nanoparticles and nanomaterial can be manufactured through green synthesis.
- Green synthesis incorporates principles of green chemistry and engineering to formulate harmless and eco-friendly nanomaterials to address the problems affecting human health and ecosystem.
- There are still several disadvantages of nanomaterials particularly toxicological concerns and cost effectiveness of the manufacturing processes that need to be addressed in future studies.